Europe

With an area of 10.2 million km² (3,938,000 sq mi), Europe is 20% larger than the contiguous United States. The European Union has an area of over 4 million km² (1.56 million square meters).

How many countries are there in Europe?
Europe consists of 50 countries and is divided in four regions: Northen Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe and Western Europe.

By the conventional definition, there are 44 sovereign states or nations in Europe. Not included are several countries namely Turkey, which occupies only a small part of East Thrace on the European Balkan Peninsula.
Cyprus, an island in the Mediterranean Sea, is geographically part of Asia Minor (Middle East).
The Faroe Islands, an island group between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean are a self-governing territory of the Kingdom of Denmark.
Greenland, which geographically belongs to North America, is as well an autonomous Danish territory.
Kosovo is a partially recognized state in the Balkans.
A small piece of Western Kazakhstan is also considered to be part of Europe.

List of Countries in Northen Europe

Country Flag Country Name Land area (Km²) Population(2019) Country Capital City Country Capital Population
Denmark Denmark 42,430 5,771,876 Copenhagen 775,033
Estonia Estonia 2,390 1,325,648 Tallinn 1,325,000
Faroe Islands Faroe Islands (DK) 1,400 51,783 Tórshavn 19,165
Finland Finland 303,890 5,520,000 Helsinki 629,512
Greenland Greenland (DK) 2,166,086 56,707 Nuuk 17,984
Iceland Iceland 100,250 339,031 Reykjavik 123,000
Latvia Latvia 62,200 1,906,743 Riga 632,614
Lithuania Lithuania 62,674 2,759,627 Vilnius 538,000
Norway Norway 365,268 5,378,857 Oslo 1,027,000
Sweden Sweden 410,340 10,036,379 Stockholm 1,608,037
United Kingdom 241,930 67,530,172 London 9,176,530

List of Countries in Western Europe

Country Flag Country Name Land area (Km²) Population(2019) Country Capital City Country Capital Population
Austria Austria 82,409 8,955,102 Vienna 1,915,338
Belgium Belgium 30,280 11,539,328 Brussels 2,065,284
France France 547,557 65,129,728 Paris 2,141,000
Germany Germany 348,560 83,517,045 Berlin 3,557,000
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 160 38,019 Vaduz 5,450
Luxembourg Luxembourg 2,590 615,729 Luxembourg (city) 119,214
Netherlands Netherlands 33,720 17,097,130 Amsterdam 1,140,000
Switzerland Switzerland 39,516 8,591,365 Bern 140,000

List of Countries in Eastern Europe

Country Flag Country Name Land area (Km²) Population(2019) Country Capital City Country Capital Population
Belarus Belarus 202,910 9,452,411 Minsk 1,992,800
Bulgaria Bulgaria 108,560 7,000,119 Sofia 1,277,00
Czech Republic Czech Republic 77,240 10,689,209 Prague 1,309,000
Hungary Hungary 90,530 9,684,679 Budapest 1,740,000
Moldova Moldova 32,850 4,039,309 Chisinau 635,994
Poland Poland 306,230 37,887,768 Warsaw 1,776,000
Romania Romania 230,170 19,364,557 Bucharest 1,812,290
Russia Russian Federation 16,376,870 145,872,256 Moscow 12,412,000
Slovakia Slovakia 48,088 5,457,013 Bratislava 427,000
Ukraine Ukraine 579,320 43,993,638 Kyiv (also known as Kiev) 2,887,974

List of Countries in Southern Europe

Country Flag Country Name Land area (Km²) Population(2019) Country Capital City Country Capital Population
Albania Albania 27,400 2,880,917 Tirana 485,000
Andorra Andorra 470 77,142 Andorra 77,142
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia & Herzegovina 51,00 3,301,000 Sarajevo 343,000
Croatia Croatia (Hrvatska) 55,960 4,130,304 Zagreb 685,000
Northern Cyprus Cyprus 9,240 1,198,575 Nicosia 200,452
Greece Greece 128,900 10,473,455 Athens 3,154,000
Gibraltar Gibraltar (UK) 6,8 33,701 Gibraltar 26,544
Italy Italy 291,140 60,550,075 Rome 4,497,824
Kosovo Kosovo 10,887 1,809,280 Pristina 210,000
Macedonia North Macedonia, Rep. of 25,220 2,083,459 Skopje 506,926
Malta Malta 320 493,559 Valletta 440,372
Monaco Monaco 1 38,964 Monaco 39,061
Montenegro Montenegro 13,450 627,987 Podgorica 185,937
Portugal Portugal 91,590 10,226,187 Lisbon 545,200
San Marino San Marino 60 33,860 San Marino 33,860
Serbia Serbia 87,460 8,772,235 Belgrade 1,393,717
Slovenia Slovenia 20,140 2,078,654 Ljubljana 28,307
Spain Spain 498,800 46,736,776 Madrid 6,559,000
Turkey Turkey  23,764 83,813,737 Ankara 5,024,000
Vatican City (Holy See) Vatican City State 0,44 1000 Vatican City 1,000